The State and National Registers of Historic Places are the official lists of buildings, structures, districts, objects, and sites significant in the history, architecture, archeology, engineering, and culture of New York and the nation. The same eligibility criteria are used for both the State and National Registers. The National Historic Preservation Act of 1966 and the New York State Historic Preservation Act of 1980 established the National and State Registers programs. In New York, the Commissioner of the New York State Office of Parks, Recreation and Historic Preservation, who is also the State Historic Preservation Officer (SHPO), administers these programs.
There are no restrictions placed on private owners of registered properties. Private property owners may sell, alter or dispose of their property as they wish.
The following criteria are used to evaluate properties for listing on the New York State and National Registers of Historic Places.
The quality of significance in American history, architecture, archeology, engineering, and culture is present in districts, sites, buildings, structures, and objects that possess integrity of location, design, setting, materials, workmanship, feeling, and association, and:
Ordinarily cemeteries, birthplaces, or graves of historical figures, properties owned by religious institutions or used for religious purposes, structures that have been moved from their original locations, reconstructed historic buildings, properties primarily commemorative in nature, and properties that have achieved significance within the past 50 years shall not be considered eligible for the State and National Registers. However, such properties will qualify if they are integral parts of districts that do meet the criteria or if they fall within the following categories:
The State and National Registers are the official lists of properties significant in our history and worthy of preservation. The registers are actively used by individuals, organizations, and all levels of government to promote planning, economic development, tourism, education, and an increased appreciation of our heritage. In New York, the State and National Registers are administered by the Commissioner of the New York State Office of Parks, Recreation and Historic Preservation through the State Historic Preservation Office. Currently, the Commissioner and SHPO are encouraging nomination proposals in three categories, including:
The State and National Register nomination process is designed to assist in the development of complete and accurate documentation of each eligible property according to the professional and archival standards of the National Park Service and the State Historic Preservation Office (SHPO). The research and technical requirements of the nomination process encourage the active and ongoing participation of owners, sponsors, SHPO staff, and preservation consultants.
The preparation of a State and National Registers nomination proposal is a cooperative effort between the sponsor -- most often the owner of the property -- and the staff of the State Historic Preservation Office.
A sponsor may initiate the nomination process by requesting, completing, and returning a State and National Registers Program Applicant Form and a Historic Resource Inventory Form and/or other explanatory materials to the State Historic Preservation Office. These materials will be evaluated by the staff of the Survey and National Register Unit using the National Register of Historic Places Criteria for Evaluation and other guidelines published by the National Park Service.
Proposals which appear to meet the criteria for listing are assigned to staff for further development on the basis of current preservation priorities. In most instances, staff site inspections will be required in order to develop a more in-depth understanding of the historic property and its documentation requirements prior to the preparation of a National Register Nomination Form. Preparing this form and the required research, maps, photographs, and other attachments is primarily the responsibility of the sponsor working closely with a National Register staff member. In some cases, staff may be able to assist with portions of this work, particularly for high priority projects in communities with limited resources. In other instances, it may be appropriate to consider contracting with private historic preservation consultants to develop the nomination information. A current list of consultants offering services in this area is available upon request.
Upon receipt of a satisfactory draft nomination, this office will formally seek the comments of the owner(s) and local officials, and schedule a review by the New York State Board for Historic Preservation, more commonly referred to as the State Review Board. The board meets quarterly and nomination reviews must be scheduled three months in advance in order to satisfy public notification requirements. If recommended, the nomination form is finalized and forwarded to the State Historic Preservation Officer for review and signature. Once signed, the nomination is entered on the New York State Register of Historic Places and transmitted to the National Park Service where it is nominated to the National Register of Historic Places. If approved by the Keeper of the Register, the nomination is signed and listed on the National Register. Please note that the National Park Service will not place an individual, privately owned property on the National Register if its owner objects or if a majority of private property owners object to the proposed listing of a nomination containing multiple owners.
To receive more information and/or application package on the State and National Register programs, please Contact our office or go to our Territorial Map section to find contact information for the National Register Program Representative for your county.